The Jaqi Collection : Aymara, Jaqaru, and Kawki Language Resources is comprised of archival and published texts as well as recorded sounds and images related to the Jaqi family of languages. The Jaqi Collection supports Aymara on the Internet and its Aymara Object Editor, a tool for language learning. Materials for Aymara, Jaqaru, and Kawki can be searched individually as subcollections links below.
The Jaqi linguistic family includes three languages: Aymara, Jaqaru and Kawki, languages rising out of the Wari (Huari) culture of the South American Andes. Preceeding the Inca Empire, Wari culture thrived for more than 400 years, between 700 AD and 1000 AD. Today, the remaining Wari culture and its languages continue to exist in Bolivia, Chile and Peru. The Aymara language is spoken by more than 3 million Andean people. Jaqaru is spoken in the Andes Mountains of Peru by a few thousand people resident in the Tupe district of the Yauyos Province of Peru as well as in the cities of Lima, Huancayo, Chincha and Cañete and a diaspora in the United States and Europe. And the population of Jaqaru speakers in the Tupe district is declining due to the migration of young people to the cities. Kawki is a dying language spoken by only a few people around Cachuy, Chavin, and Lima, Peru. The earthquake of August 2007 destroyed Tupe and caused damage to roads and adjacent villages, placing the languages in further danger of disappearance.
Resources collected here include some of the first resources in printed Aymara together with later reprints. The collection is particularly indebted to the work of Dr. Martha James Hardman. During her fifty years of research in the region, Dr. Hardman recorded more than 93 audio interviews with speakers of the Jaqi languages - many now deceased village elders - and transcribed these recordings in as many field notebooks documenting Jaqaru and Kawki linguistics. The Collection is augmented with visual resources, the bulk taken between 1959 and 1975 of villages, farms, market scenes, homes, and schools.